Bamboo farming project report
The below information is about “Bamboo Farming Project Report, Cost, and Profit”Analysis.
They are thought of as the fastest growing plants on the planet. It is observed that some species of bamboo can grow to nearly 90 cm a day. The bamboo is classified based on the geographical division where it existed as the new world subtropical, subtropical woody and temperate woody. It’s thought that there are more than 1400 species of bamboo all around the globe. This plant is native to warm tropical and temperate climatic zones, but sometimes specific species of bamboo can also be found to grow in cool inland regions. Bamboo plants possess natural regeneration capacity and are mostly located in the forest areas. The bamboo plant aids in preserving forests by releasing 35 percent more oxygen and reducing the carbon dioxide in the air.
Bamboo plants have two different growth patterns such as clumping and running. The clumping number spreads gradually during the development period, whereas the conducting variety has aggressive expansion behaviour. The typical height of the bamboo could be projected around 4.5 to 12 m. even though it is a flowering plant, the frequency of flowering differs every one of the species. Also the interval of flowering is extremely large and may vary from 65 to 120 decades. It’s observed that when the bamboo plant starts flowering then it gradually declines and dies.
The bamboo has a cultural meaning; it’s employed as a sign of uprightness by the Chinese and friendship by the Indian community. Bamboo also signifies the behaviour of a gentleman in line with the Chinese civilization and is part of Buddhism. The young bamboo shoots serve as food to the Buddhist monks.
This bamboo project report discusses about the plant, its significance, cultivation procedures and needs, etc.. In the close of the report, the cost and profit analysis for one acre of bamboo plantation is introduced for reference.
Bamboo farming project report — scope and importance
Bamboo is a significant role in the socio-economic development of India. It greatly contributes to the economy of the country. Bamboo is largely created by the north-eastern states of the country. It’s projected that the annual turnover in the bamboo farm in the country level to 9,000 crores of rupees. The demand of bamboo in India is about 26 million metric tonnes approximately and is expected to rise in the near future. The multipurpose utilization of bamboo is now a universal source for the rural population and its demand is ever- growing. To support this demand the government of India has established the’National Bamboo Mission’, under the Ministry of Agriculture to promote the growth of the bamboo industry. ‘National Mission on Bamboo Program’, has been launched from the Department of Science and Technology to provide technical aid in the bamboo sector. The Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre (CBTC) has designed a project for the sustainable development of the bamboo businesses to create a livelihood for people in the North Eastern India. Such initiatives can bring an organized bamboo cultivation structure within the country and ease more income for the rural population as well as contribute tremendously to the national economy.
Bamboo farming job report — varieties of bamboo
· Bambusa balcooa
· Bambusa bambos
· Bambusa nutans
· Bambusa pallida
· Bambusa tulda
· Bambusa vulgaris
· Dendrocalamus brandisii
· Dendrocalamus giganteus
· Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
· Bambusa polymorpha
· Dendrocalamus strictus
· Oxytenanthera stocksii
· Melocanna bambusoides
· Ochlandra travancorica
· Schizostachyum dullooa
· Throstachys oliverii
Bamboo farming project report — uses bamboo
There are a number of uses of bamboo out of which some are listed here.
· Support substance in agriculture
· Construction functions
· The shoots are edible
· Making furniture
· Panels and particle boards
· Biomass production
· Making musical instruments
Bamboo farming project report — soil and climate
The dirt for bamboo plantations must be well drained. They are found to grow well in sandy loam or loamy clay soils. It’s been discovered that bamboos also increase in swampy lands. The soil having slightly acidic nature or with pH around 4.5 to 6 is great for bamboo farming. The soil with high water table is beneficial for the growth of bamboo. The best climates for bamboo cultivation are the warm tropical and temperate climates. It is thought that the under these circumstances, it grows 3 inches every day. Rainfall less than 1200 mm per year is not acceptable for bamboo cultivation. The humidity of the area ought to maintain between 75-85% and the wind speed above 80 km/hr may cause problems during the development phase.
All these planting materials have to be raised in a nursery before transplanting them into the main location.
Propagation by seeds for big plantations is a rarely used method since seeds have been generated when bamboo plants flower and the period may range from 40 to 80 years. Propagation by seeds produces seedlings after 8-12 months but requires good water and nutrient supply.
Wildings can be gotten from young bamboo clusters by scooping them with a scoop. Many seedlings can be increased using this procedure, however, it is observed that the establishment of the plant would be poor owing to the disturbance in the main system while uprooting.
Vegetative propagation or propagation via rhizomes is the best possible method for large plantations and is a more traditionally used method. Collecting the offsets at the ideal time is an important element in bamboo propagation and is done mostly during the months of February till April. A wholesome parent plant is chosen for collecting the rhizome. When the species of pine are thick walled, then a 1-2-year-old culm is selected and the offset is eliminated else if it is a thin-walled species of bamboo then an assembly of 2-3 offsets is removed. The rhizome with the roots must be carefully detached from the counter and wrapped in banana leaves or should be sacked with moist sawdust. They are transplanted into the main field instantly.
2-3 years old culm cuttings may also be used as planting material, however, successful shooting and rooting is difficult to achieve. Also, it’s discovered that buds do not rise if the weather is hot.
Bamboo farming project report — land planning and planting
The site chosen for bamboo plantation should be rid of bushes, grasses, and other undesirable substances or plants. The cultivation area should be cleaned in order to facilitate intercropping. The dimensions of the pit depend on the type of planting material used. Generally, the pits are made deep and large so that the newly planted bamboo gets established readily. Little pits of dimensions 30 x 30 cm have been dug for well-rooted seedlings. Where the rainfall is scanty, pits of size up to 1 m are made to improve micro-catchment. The spacing between the seedlings should be 5 x 4 so that 1 acre of land can approximately accommodate 200 plants. The offset should be put 10-20 cm under the ground and should be covered with soil. It’s necessary to slightly push the soil around the seedling.
Bamboo farming project report — fertilizer and compost requirements
Best soil blended with 2 kg of phosphoric fertilizer is full of every pit around 10 cm and planting should be performed before the rainy season. Bamboo is a plant which needs surplus nutrients. 1 clump of bamboo needs 5 pounds of NPK fertilizer within a year. The plants need a continuous supply of nitrogen and potassium. The green color of the bamboo and the rise of new shoots count on the content of nitrogen in the soil. The growth of strong, healthy root mass depends on the amount of potassium from the soil. A 13-3-13 unique fertilizer is recommended for bamboo plants since it releases the nitrogen and potassium gradually into the ground so the supply is continuous and as needed by the plants through the year. Macronutrient silica is also demanded from the plants for intense growth of the bamboo clump.
Bamboo farming job report — irrigation demands
The production of healthy bamboo depends heavily on irrigation. A drip irrigation system or a sprinkler arrangement may be an effective solution for providing water frequently to the crops. Throughout the first few months, watering should be done on a regular basis since the bamboo plants require the time to establish in the soil. Once the plants become rooted securely, then the period of water supply can be increased.
Weeds in the soil can stop the growth of bamboo by absorbing the nutrients from the ground. So, regular and systematic weeding should be done. The weeds removed from the farm ought to be disposed of properly. 60 cm round the pine plants ought to be always free from weeds.
Mulching helps in proper bamboo growth. Regions which have less rain or possess dry weather conditions, mulching can help to prevent soil water. The dry organic thing or dry leaves may be dispersed around the base of bamboo plants as mulch material to preserve soil moisture and also to control weeds. Mulch also protects the young bamboo shoots from direct sun and eases in generating good quality shoots.
Handling the clump is extremely crucial since this improves the productivity of their farm. The undesirable culms should be eliminated as a part of maintenance activity so as to decongest the clump. Old and rotten culms must be removed to promote the growth of healthy shoots.
Bamboo farming project report — pest and disease control
Diseases prevalent in bamboo plants are:
· Bamboo blight
· Branch die-back
· Small foliage
· Thread blight
· Leaf Rust
· Leaf spot
· Foliage blight
The first important step in disease control is to monitor the plants regularly. The majority of the diseases can be controlled with the cutting and removal of infected areas of the plant. The debris, thus accumulated must be burnt. The ethnic operations should be carried out prior to the monsoon. Application of prophylactic fungicides can also help control the spread of diseases.
Pests that assault the pine plants are:
Non-chemical insecticidal soap will be the best way to avoid the pests from infesting plants.
Bamboo farming job report — harvesting and return
Some species of bamboo regenerate naturally after harvesting. Harvesting in bamboo is done by selecting the culms instead of felling the trees. The crop of bamboo is ready for harvesting in typically 5 decades. The harvesting should be performed from the middle because new culms are made outwards and also the elderly clump is left in the middle. A couple powerful clumps are left to the tree so as to encourage the new soft culms for a couple months otherwise they would bend.
Culms which are dead or become dry should be taken off. Stems less than 2.5m should be eliminated when the clump has more than 10 culms. It’s necessary to clear-fell the heavily congested clumps. Culm cutting is done only in the dry seasons rather than during the rains.
The typical weight of each culm is considered to be 15-20 kg and it’s believed that 1 acre of land with 200 bamboo plants can create around 13.5 tonnes of bamboo on the 5th year of planting.
Bamboo farming project report — post crop management
Preserving the bamboo is extremely important because they’re vulnerable to corrosion and attack by powder post beetles. Some non-chemical methods are used to deal with harvested bamboo for example:
· The culms which are cut in the bottom are left position on the clump for example assimilation of these leaves goes on along with the starch material is reduced which thereby increases the durability of the culm against the infestation.
· Storing the culms over the fireplaces within the homes blackens the culms and on account of this heat the starch within it gets destroyed. Generally bamboo culms are also stored in heating chambers with temperatures around 120-150˚C to get 20 minutes to protect them against insect attacks.
· The culms of bamboo have been painted with slaked lime like the water absorption is postponed and leads to higher resistance against fungi.
· The freshly cut bamboo culms are soaked in mud or stagnant water for a couple weeks so that the starch content is reduced and the bamboo becomes resistant to borers. Later they are dried in color.
· The bamboo ought to be painted with water repellents, so they are free of mold, insects and rot.
Some chemicals are also utilized to maintain bamboo and therefore are considered more effective than the non-chemical procedures.
· Compounds are employed on the pine to control pests by insects.
· The freshly cut bamboo culms are created to stand vertically in a preservative solution so the culm is coated with compounds.· Butt treatment procedure is an economical means of treating the bamboo culms. The bottom component is dipped in a container with a preservative solution for e.g. 10% copper sulfate, which enhances the service life of bamboo culms.
The estimation of bamboo in one acre of land is given here. The values or amounts can fluctuate based upon the area of farming and also the cost of raw material availability in that area. The data can be only used for reference and it is advised to check the local market for centers to start bamboo farming. Spacing between the plants is also a significant aspect to determine how many plants can be accommodated in one acre of land. The minimum number of plants per acre of land once the spacing is 5 x 4 is 200 approximately. Whereas when the spacing is decreased to 1.25 x 1.25 m subsequently the number of plants that can be accommodated are 2564.
We suppose the following:
· 1 acre of land can adapt plants: 200.
· 1 bamboo plant cost: Rs 100.00.
· Manure required per plant in 1 year: 10 kg.
· Cost of compost: Rs 2.5/ kg (the cost may vary depending on the kind of manure such as FYM or organic).
· The cost of fertilizer: Rs 22/kg (the cost may change depending on the form and composition of the compost ).
· Cost of installing drip irrigation center for 1 acre of property: Rs 35000-55000 (this cost may vary depending on the spacing between the crops ).
· Irrigations required in 1 year: 20 (approximately).
· Wage of labour per man-day: Rs 200.
· Property preparation requires: 5 man-days (Rs 2000, if 2 labourers operate ).
· 20 pits grinding and refilling: 10 man-days (Rs 5000 for two labourers).
· Pruning in the 3rd season: 5 man-days (Rs 2000).
· Other dirt actions: two man-days (Rs 800).
Material and labor
Investment in (Rs) Year 1
Investment in (Rs) year 5
Price of planting material
Drip Irrigation installation fees
Price of Insecticides and pesticides
Price of irrigation
Number of trees that can be harvested are: 180 (it is assumed that there is a 10% mortality rate).
Per clump the number of culms is: 5.
1 acre of land generates culms: 900 (roughly ).
Tonnes of bamboo per acre: 13.5.
The average sale price of bamboo culms per bit is: Rs 100 (may vary based on the quality and region of sale).
Next subsequent year the number of culms per clump increase to 7 (average), so the earnings in the 6th year will be: Rs 63,000.
It’s very important to be aware that the other added charges like the electricity, transportation, labour drop, post harvest management, property, agricultural equipment etc. haven’t been included in the calculation. These may bring more investment to the business and every succeeding year following the 1st season of planting requires some investment into labor, manure, fertilizers and plant protection materials similar to the 5th calendar year.
Sometimes farmers circulate the 10% loss of plants by replanting new plants at the 2ndyear.
Bamboo farming project report — loans and subsidies
NABARD has a bamboo development coverage to help develop the bamboo farming industry. It provides financing under the RIDF-JFM version and also micro financing through different NGO’s. For the exact amount of subsidy and loan, it is advisable to visit the nearest NABARD office or get them over the telephone for aid.
Bamboo farming job report — planting material accessibility
‘Dongroli nursery’, Dongroli (Mumbai) is a location where 24 varieties of bamboo plants are offered for purchase.
Additional options to buy commercial bamboo plants could be carefully chosen from a listing of nurseries advertised on the agrihub and Indiamart websites.